Blunt-nosed Leopard Lizard

General Information: The blunt-nosed leopard lizard is a relatively large lizard. It has a long tail that regrows; long, powerful hind legs; and a short, blunt snout. Although blunt-nosed leopard lizards are darker than other leopard lizards, their undersides are white. They have rows of dark spots across their backs, alternating with white, cream-colored or yellow bands. The Recovery Plan for Upland Species of the San Joaquin Valley, California provides more details about identification.

Category: Focal species
Surface water needs: None
Federal listing status: Endangered
State listing status: Endangered, Fully Protected

Potential Conservation Actions:  

  • Create grazing plans  
  • Recontour ground 
  • Avoid disking  
  • Plant natives 

Fun Fact

 The skin color of the blunt-nosed leopard lizard varies according to what they eat and the type of soil in their habitat, ranging from yellowish or light brown to dark brown.


This species spends most of its life in terrestrial habitats such as grasslands, oak woodlands, scrub, and chaparral in washes and floodplains. This species relies on temporary pools of water to breed. These include vernal pools, seasonal runoff, pools in creek channels or off-channel, and cattle ponds. Restoration and management of vernal pools and other temporary pools do not require imported water.

Oak woodland


Scrub and chaparral

Vernal pools

Disturbance and stressors

Housing development, agricultural cultivation, oil and gas development, and solar development contributed to the decline in blunt-nosed lizard populations. Additionally, above-average precipitation decreases species survival while below-average precipitation decreases species reproduction.

Housing development

Agriculture development

Solar development

Oil and gas development

Sources:,, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service 2017 and 2020
Photo credits: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, University of California Davis, California Department of Fish and Wildlife